The outbreak of army worms last week now has unexpectedly spread to farms in the northern half of Jefferson County, posing a risk for all farmers with hay, grass, corn and small-grain crops.
Michael E. Hunter, field crops educator for Cornell Cooperative Extension of Jefferson County, said the outbreak at farms north of the Black River was caused by another wave of moths that traveled north from Western New York to hatch the destructive worms in hayfields.
About 1.5 inches at full size, the brown worms can be difficult for farmers to find. Farmers are advised to scour the cool, damp areas at ground level to detect the worms, which can be less than a half-inch in their early growth stage.
Its critical to find the worms early, Mr. Hunter said, because they do the most damage during the last week of their life cycle. In worst cases, hundreds of acres of crops could be lost. Numerous crops in the southern part of the county have already been destroyed because the worms, which arrived there about two weeks ago, had enough time to grow to full size. The worms, which pupate into moths like caterpillars, seek grassy fields to feed on but avoid crops such as alfalfa and soybean.
While scouting fields in the northern part of the county Friday, Mr. Hunter discovered that the worms are widespread.
Ive covered thousands of acres and have found army worms in every field, Mr. Hunter said Friday. Farms in Clayton, Orleans and Alexandria Bay were all infested. Theres probably a good chance that most people have them right now.
Although farmers can kill the worms with insecticides, in most cases it would be beneficial for them to mow the fields instead, Mr. Hunter said.
Weve seen the amount of damage (worms) can do if fields are untreated, but right now farmers have the option to harvest their fields and not lose any yield or quality, he said. Theres no advantage in waiting to harvest later, so were advising farmers to mow their hay and bale it.
Mr. Hunter said the worms were detected north of the Black River on Thursday but now have spread across the countys northern half. Theyve been spotted in parts of St. Lawrence and Lewis counties, as well.
Its an epidemic that Mr. Hunter said is unprecedented in the north country. The worms have been spotted in hundreds of acres, but that could soon expand to thousands.
New sightings caused by these migrations are being spotted everywhere, and we cant rule anything out right now, he said. Landowners should now be monitoring their fields closely.
Jay M. Matteson, agricultural coordinator for Jefferson County, said farmers have been caught off-guard by the outbreak. Farmers who have crop insurance protection are advised to call their agents immediately if they detect damage. In addition, golf courses and lawns located near farmland could be susceptible to the worms.
I think the severity of this is catching everyone off-guard, Mr. Matteson said. Any farm thats pasture-based should be on the lookout.
The last outbreak in the north country occurred in 2000 at farms in Lewis County.
For more information, call Mr. Hunter from Cornell Cooperative Extension of Jefferson County at 788-8450.