By SUSAN MENDE
CANTON - When it comes to the complicated formula thats used to dole out state money to public schools, the devil is in the details, according to Thomas R. Burns, superintendent of St. Lawrence-Lewis Board of Cooperative Educational Services.
Thats why hes taking a cautious approach to forming an opinion on separate legislation proposals crafted by state Assemblywoman Addie J. Russell (D-Theresa) and Sen. Patricia A. Ritchie (R-Heuvelton).
Both lawmakers are fighting to have more funding diverted to low-wealth school districts like those in Northern New York, but they disagree on the best way to change the state aid formula to make that happen. With several area schools predicting bankruptcy unless something changes, lobbying for more school funding has moved into high gear.
Mr. Burns said education officials are in the process of analyzing how the different proposals would impact the the states public schools, on a district-by-district basis.
We need to make sure we get it right, Mr. Burns said. You really have to do sample state aid runs to see how they impact our districts. It merits some more examination on our part. We want to let our experts examine the proposals.
Among those studying possible formula changes is Richard Rick G. Timbs, executive director of Statewide School Finance Consortium.
Other organizations that are closely following the situation and analyzing the aid formula proposals include the states Council of School Superintendent and the statewide School Finance for the Rural Schools Association, he said.
Ms. Russell said she plans to re-introduce a bill she proposed last year to overhaul the states school aid formula. Her legislation failed to gain a co-sponsor last year in the state Senate, with both Ms. Ritchie and state Sen. Joseph A. Griffo (R-Rome) declining to co-sponsor.
Besides funneling more money to poor, rural schools, Ms. Russell said her plan will also bring more dollars to poor city school districts across the state, which may increase the chance of getting her bill passed. Her proposal also eliminates a provision that requires all school districts, even wealthy ones, to receive a minimum of $500 in state aid per student.
Ending the minimum aid allocation increases the amount of aid available for those districts who need it the most, she said.
Mr. Burns said he cant support any formula change that sends more state aid to wealthy school districts so he will be analyzing the proposed formula changes to determine how they impact the statewide system.
We have to send every dime to the neediest districts. We are at that point, Mr. Burns said. We cant accept any formula that sends additional aid to districts that are three to 10 times wealthier than our communities, he said.
Calling the funding situation faced by many public schools deplorable, Ms. Russell said rural districts need to team up with poor urban areas, including the states big 5 city school districts, in supporting the provisions in her legislation.
Its essential that all poor school district communities band together and work to reform the school aid formula in this years budget process and they can use this bill as the model language, Ms. Russell said in an emailed statement. The inequity in the states school aid funding is pushing our school districts over their own fiscal cliff.
But her legislation has been faulted by Ms. Ritchie and others who believe the Assembly bill would steer an even larger share of state aid to New York City.
Ms. Ritchie has a different bill thats also designed to bring more funding to poor rural schools by changing the formula used in the state education law.
Sarah V. Compo, a spokeswoman for Ms. Ritchie, said the senator developed her bill with input from local school leaders and reform advocates.
Probably the biggest difference between that bill and the assemblywomans plan is that the Assembly bill would steer an even larger share of state aid to New York City, while the senators bill is targeted more directly at helping rural school districts, Ms. Compo said in an email.
Ms. Ritchie and Ms. Russell support changing the existing wealth ratio formula so that it more accurately reflects a communitys wealth. The existing law only allows districts to use a minimum of .65 when calculating aid even though many districts have lower ratios. Ms. Russells bill would drop the lower ceiling to .25 and increase the upper ceiling from 2 to 3.
These provisions, she said, allow for calculating school aid based on actual figures instead of rounding the poor district wealth ratios up and the wealthy districts down.
By contrast, Ms. Ritchies bill reduces the floor of the wealth ratio formula from .65 to .40, but does not adjust the upper ceiling.
Both bills would allow districts to calculate aid based on data from the past five years, which would assist schools with declining student enrollment, including several north country districts.
Ms. Russell said Gov. Andrew M. Cuomos 2013 state budget needs to include funding changes for public school because many are on the brink of bankruptcy.
Even though much of the state is being shortchanged by problems in the formula, she said school aid funding reform is one of the most divisive issues facing the state Legislature.
There is ongoing advocacy across the state, Ms. Russell said. The governor is in the process of preparing his budget. The time is right for advocacy, she said.