Nearly 50 percent of Jefferson, Lewis and St. Lawrence schools fear they will be bankrupt in four years, according to a recent state superintendent survey.
And some districts, such as South Jefferson Central and Canton Central, could be financially and educationally insolvent in two years, their superintendents say.
New York State Council of School Superintendents released a study in November about the possible financial crisis superintendents predict they will face if state aid does not dramatically increase. Approximately 17 out of 32 districts completed the survey, meaning the percentage of districts worried about their financial future could be higher.
Districts like Colton-Pierrepont Central and LaFargeville Central has not discussed insolvency. Other districts, like Watertown City Schools and Parishville-Hopkinton Central are waiting to see how much state aid they will receive before worrying their tax base. However, South Jefferson Superintendent Jamie A. Moesel said a NYSCOSS study released in late November confirm their struggles of the past few years and said that the district is on track to become financially and academically insolvent within two years.
State funding accounts for about 72 percent of the districts budget.
Were going to have similar issues if things remain the same, she said.
At the beginning of the school year the districts unrestricted fund balance rose from $1,027,398 to $1,048715, remaining relatively the same. However, the district has been cutting programs and teaching positions as a source of revenue to keep the doors open, according to Ms. Moesel. Since the fall 2009, she said the district has lost about 55 staff members, approximately 12 percent of its workforce.
The school district in March 2011 was informed by the state Comptrollers office that it was one of 100 schools that did not have sufficient funds to sustain itself for two years. However Ms. Moesel said a timetable for insolvency could not be determined without knowing future state funding.
It does sound bleak, she said.
To make up for recent cuts in state funding, Ms. Moesel said the school would need to raise its tax levy by more than 50 percent, which she said was unfeasible.
Ms. Moesels worries mimic what most superintendents fear.
Canton Central School District may face bankruptcy as soon as next school year.
School Superintendent William A. Gregory said the districts unreserved fund balance has been depleted to roughly $730,00, and the district faces a projected budget gap of $2.72 million next year unless something changes.
There is a strong possibility that we would have to commit the entire fund balance and still have to make crippling program and staff reductions, depending on the actual size of the budget gap that we will face, Mr. Gregory said in an email. We will have a better handle on the situation once the governor publishes his budget in January.
Morristown Central is worried about educating students as soon as next school year. Superintendent David J. Glover has said time and time again the district will be educationally insolvent after this year. Mr. Glover believes basic bills could be paid for the next five years, but the district would not be able to provide even a basic education.
The school has roughly $1.7 million in its fund balance and Mr. Glover thinks it will be exhausted in next years budget.
Morristown is looking to form a regional high school with Heuvelton and Hermon-DeKalb Central Schools, but that would require the state to pass legislation enabling the decision.
Hermon-DeKalb Central to remain solvent through the 2014-2015 school year unless the state makes further large cuts, according to Superintendent Ann M. Adams.
The district has a fund balance of $378,000.
The rising costs of employee retirements and health insurance benefits are placing the greatest strain on the budget, she said.
That is a big chunk of change, she said.
St. Lawrence area schools began talking about possible education and financial insolvency before the recession, according to St. Lawrence-Lewis Board of Educational services Superintendent Thomas R. Burns, because total enrollment had decreased from 26,000 to 16,000.
When you have those smaller pupil sizes, it becomes harder to achieve certain economies of scale, he said.
Districts like Canton Central and Potsdam Central, he said, receive the worst Gap Elimination Adjustment cuts the cut to state aid used to offset the states deficit because they are considered by the state to reside in average wealth district.
However, they are just above the average thresh hold.
The district in Potsdam has lost $4 million in the past few years, and as a result, weve had to cut many programs, said Potsdam Superintendent Patrick H. Brady. Weve cut out dean of students position at the high school and were also sharing out buildings and grounds supervisors with Norwood-Norfolk.
Additionally, nearly 19 teaching positions and almost 30 support staff positions have been cut in the past several years.
If state aid continues to be lackluster, Mr. Brady said the district could run out of money in two to three years.
It does reach a point that we can no longer cut and reach the educational needs and mandates without the additional funds.
Thousand Islands Central Superintendent Frank C. House has already discussed fiscal insolvency with the district Board of Education. Nearby Lyme Central has also been worried about a dwindling fund balance, but did not say how soon it would run out.
Our greatest challenges are the Gap Elimination Adjustment and the Tax Cap, said Lyme Superintendent Karen M. Donehue. The GEA assessment costs us over $390,000 of aid on average and this, plus the cap will continue to erode our reserves. Our budget has been kept in check and we have developed plans that have minimal increases for the last 4 years.
Sackets Harbor Central, another district wary to give its doomsday year, is keenly aware of the possibility of educational and financial insolvency, according to Superintendent Frederick E. Hall Jr. After this year, the district has fund balance of $1 million to carry itself for the next few years. Approximately $650,000 of the fund balance was allocated for this year.
Mr. Hall is waiting to see whether the looming fiscal cliff will change the amount of federal impact aid the district will receive. Last year, the district received $55,000 for military-related students. A dramatically reduced amount could mean more fund balance is used. However, another mild winter like last years might save utility funds.
We know that at the pace were going, its a potential problem, he said.
Both Ogdensburg City School Business Manager Jeff Swanson and Copenhagen Central Superintendent Scott N. Connell think funds are going to run out in two years.
Brasher Falls Superintendent Stephen M. Putman feels he can stretch the budget for four to five years before his fund balance is dry. Mr. Connell and Mr. Putman blame the states trend to distribute the bulk of the aid to wealthy downstate districts, not to struggling upstate schools.
Copenhagen does not have a single Advanced Placement course is cutting positions and Brasher Falls has cut technical and agriculture electives.
Its a very scary downward spiral, and its very disheartening that if they took the state aid and redistributed it, that this would not be happening, said Mr. Putman.
Even without educational insolvency, superintendents are concerned their students cannot compete for seats in the best colleges because so many enrichment courses have not survived budget cuts.
Why does your zip code determine what you get in education? said Mr. Connell.
Although Parishville-Hopkinton Centrals Superintendent Darin P. Saiff is waiting for the state budget to worry about his districts fate, he fears for the states future in education. He said he is anticipating receiving $407,000 less aid than he received in 2008-09.
Many superintendents began their careers as classroom teachers and we did not enter the profession to tear it down piece by piece, but that is the stark reality that we face, he said in an email. Hard decisions will be on the horizon if we do not get support from our Governor and our legislators.
We will continue to tighten our belts, as this is necessary in a failing economy, but I implore our legislators to continue to bang the drum of a fair sound basic education for our students.
Times staff writer Jaegun Lee and Martha Ellen and Johnson Newspaper writers Benny Fairchild and Sean Ewart contributed to this report.