CANTON - When town of Potsdam property owners who lives in a residential zone outside the village seeks permission to raise a few chickens for their familys use, Codes Enforcement Officer James A. Plumley said hes required to say yes.
By contrast, in neighboring Canton, Codes Enforcement Officer Russell B. Lawrence IV is technically supposed to give the opposite answer.
When it comes to poultry and other farm animals, St. Lawrence Countys major towns have different zoning laws on the books, but as it stands now, Canton is the most restrictive.
Canton town officials have spent months wrestling with a controversial proposal that would allow people living in residential zones outisde the village to raise chickens and cockerels. The town board may require residents to have a minimum of 3 acres.
Theyre also considering a second law that would permit community supported agriculture projects (CSA) such as community gardens, in residential parts of the town, such as sections of Miner Street Road, Pike Road, Hale Road, Judson Street Road and Route 310.
At the town boards March 12 meeting, Canton Town Supervisor David T. Button said he felt the proposed 3-acre minimum was generous, because the town of Potsdam required a minimum of 10 acres for residential property owners who wanted to raise chickens.
However, Mr. Plumley said the 10-acre minimum is only necessary for commercial operations and doesnt apply to Potsdam town residents who want to have poultry and gardens for their own familys use.
If youre not doing this for commercial gain you can have them. I cant stop them, Mr. Plumley said. If the neighbors complain, then I can do something about it.
Mr. Plumley said town residents arent required to obtain written consent from their neighbors if they want to raise poultry. The proposed Canton laws requires applicants to get sign off from all their neighbors.
In Potsdam its never up to the neighbors for the simple reason that sometime neighbors dont like each other, he said.
In the town of Massena, livestock and fowl are are allowed in residential zones if the applicant receives site plan approval from the towns planning board. However, the village of Massena zoning code prohibits rabbits, poultry and livestock.
The village of Canton allows residents to raise chickens if all of the adjoining neighbors agree.
In the town of Gouverneur, chickens are allowed in both the village and town. Gouverneur town and village property owners with less than 2 acres are required to obtain a use variance from the towns zoning Board of Appeals.
Gouverneur Codes Enforcement Officer Michael J. McQuade said those with more than 2 acres are allowed to proceed without getting any permit.
He said he hasnt had any problems related to people raising chickens and he thinks the 3-acre minimum proposed by Canton is too restrictive.
Three acres is pretty big. It seems theyre making it so restrictive it would be impossible for people to do what they want, Mr. McQuade said.
Mr. Button said the 3-acre minimum parcel size is a compromise between those advocating for chickens in a residential zone and those who are opposed.
Given the fact that weve never allowed non-domestic animals, this might represent a good first step, Mr. Button said. If over time we find people who want animals can co-exist with those who dont, we can revisit this.
Although only two town residents have come to meetings voicing concerns about changing the towns zoning code, the supervisor said they are not the only ones out there.
Several board members have heard from people in the community who are concerned. They are trying to listen to everybody, he said.
Some town board members have said those who want farm animals should buy property in the towns rural zone rather than remain living in a residential zone.